The Responsibilities of Guangdong public security organs include: the prevention, suppression and investigation of criminal activities; maintenance of social security and order; fight against behaviors jeopardizing social order; monitor and maintain traffic safety and order, handle traffic accidents; organization and control over fire, supervision fire prevention; administration of arms and ammunitions, control over dangerous objects such as cutting tool, inflammable and explosive materials, toxic and radioactive materials; administration of special trades stipulated by laws and regulations; protection of state assigned persons, venues and facilities; administration of household registration, nationality, entry-&exit and stay, travel of foreigners in Guangdong; maintenance of border security; executing penalties on criminals under surveillance, detained, deprived of political rights and serving sentence outside jail; surveillance on probationer and parolee; security inspection of computer information system; supervision and instruction of security work in state organs, societal associations, enterprise and important construction sites; instruction of crime prevention work of community security commissions; and stipulation of regulations and rules.
Guangdong Provincial Public Security Department (GDPSD) is a functional organization under the dual leadership of Provincial Government and the Ministry of Public Security in charge of the whole province's public security work. Police Stations are dispatched to subordinate towns, village, streets, under the dual leadership of their respective local government and superior public security organs.
Within the GDPSD, there are such departments as General Office, Personnel Management, Education & Training, Supervision, Internal Security Protection, Criminal Investigation, Economic Crime Investigation, Drug Control, Public Order Administration, Exit & Entry Administration, Traffic Control, Border Control, Fire Control, Penitentiary Administration, Security Protection, Public Information Network Security Supervision, Legal System, Info-communications, Logistics and Finance and Publicity assuming respective functions. Guangdong Railway Public Security Bureau, Guangdong Forestry Security Bureau and Guangdong Customs Smuggling Crime Investigation Bureau are categorized into the provincial public security establishments and under dual leadership of their superiors and the GDPSD. Civil Aviation Central-south Administration PSB, Baiyun International Airport PSB and Guangdong Ocean Transportation PBS are mainly under the leadership of their superiors and subject to the professional guidance of the GDPSD.